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Bone. 1999 Apr;24(4):337-47.

Differential expression of fibroblast growth factor receptor-1, -2, and -3 and syndecan-1, -2, and -4 in neonatal rat mandibular condyle and calvaria during osteogenic differentiation in vitro.

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INSERM Unit 349, Cell and Molecular Biology of Bone and Cartilage, Paris, France.


Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) play important roles in the control of skeletal cell growth and differentiation. To identify the mechanisms of regulation of FGF actions during chondrogenesis and osteogenesis, we investigated, by immunohistochemistry, the spatiotemporal expression of the high-affinity FGF receptors (FGFR-1, -2, and -3) and coreceptors (syndecans-1, -2, and -4) in newborn rat condyle and calvaria during chondrogenesis and osteogenesis in vitro. During chondrogenesis at 4 days of culture, condyle chondrocytes showed weak FGFR-1, FGFR-2, and syndecan-1 immunoreactivity; stronger syndecan-2 expression; and marked FGFR-3 and syndecan-4 immunolabeling. At a later stage (i.e., 9 days of culture), FGFR-1, -2, and -3 were coexpressed with syndecan-4 in chondrocytes. Condyle progenitor cells located in the condyle perichondrium initially expressed strong syndecan-2 and -4 and weak syndecan-1 labeling, whereas no FGFR was detectable. When these cells differentiated into osteoblasts, they expressed syndecan-2 and -4 coincidently with FGFR-1, -2, and -3 at 9 days of culture. In newborn rat calvaria, syndecan-1, -2, and -4 were coexpressed mainly with FGFR-1 and -2 in osteoblasts. In the two models, treatment with FGF-2 (100 ng/mL) at 4-9 days of culture increased cell growth and decreased glycosaminoglycan or collagen synthesis, respectively, suggesting interactions of FGF-2 with distinct FGFRs and syndecans during chondrogenesis and osteogenesis. The coincident or distinct spatiotemporal expression pattern of FGFRs and syndecans in chondrocytes, progenitor cells, and osteoblasts represents a dynamic mechanism by which FGF effects on skeletal cells may be controlled in a coordinate manner during cartilage and bone formation in vitro.

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