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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Apr 27;96(9):5169-72.

Reversibility of the pathological changes in the follicular dendritic cell network with treatment of HIV-1 infection.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.

Abstract

Over the course of HIV-1 infection, the lymphoid follicles where the humoral immune response is generated initially increase in size and number and then progressively involute. In advanced disease, the network of the processes of follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) that serve as antigen repositories and anatomical substrate for B and T cells and antigen to interact is destroyed, contributing to the breakdown of the immune system. Because destruction of FDCs is associated with deposition of HIV-1, and much of the virus can be cleared from the network with antiretroviral therapy, we investigated the reversibility of damage. We measured the immunohistochemically stainable FDC compartment by quantitative image analysis, and we documented changes in this compartment at different stages of disease. We show that treatment, initiated even at advanced stages of HIV-1 disease, can slowly reverse pathological changes in the FDC network.

PMID:
10220437
PMCID:
PMC21835
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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