Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Apr 27;96(9):5159-63.

The 60-kDa heat shock protein modulates allograft rejection.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.

Abstract

Allograft rejection is a process of immune reactivity triggered by foreign transplantation antigens. We now demonstrate that the 60-kDa heat shock protein (hsp60), a molecule that is identical in the donor and the recipient, can regulate allograft immunity. In wild-type mice, hsp60 expression was greatly enhanced in allografts being rejected. By using MHC class II (Ealpha) promoter hsp60 transgenic mice either as donors of skin with enhanced expression of hsp60, or as allograft recipients with decreased hsp60 autoimmunity, we found that augmented expression of mouse hsp60 in the allograft accelerated its rejection, whereas reduced autoimmunity to mouse hsp60 in graft recipients delayed the process. Moreover, in nontransgenic mice, therapeutic administration of hsp60 or hsp60 peptides, known to modulate naturally occurring hsp60 autoimmunity, led to delayed allograft rejection. Thus, we demonstrate that hsp60 expression and hsp60 autoimmunity can influence and modify the immune response to foreign antigens. Hence, autoimmunity to self-hsp60 epitopes is not necessarily an aberration, but may serve physiologically and therapeutically to modulate foreign immunity.

PMID:
10220435
PMCID:
PMC21833
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center