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Bioorg Med Chem. 1999 Feb;7(2):351-7.

Evaluation of short-tether bis-THA AChE inhibitors. A further test of the dual binding site hypothesis.

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Department of Chemistry, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon.


To provide a further test of the dual binding site hypothesis proposed for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor heptylene-linked bis-(9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine) A7A, short-tether (ethylene hexylene) homologs A2A-A6A were prepared. En route to these compounds, convenient and scaleable syntheses of useful pharmaceutical intermediate 9-chloro-1.2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine 3 and A7A were developed. AChE and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibition assays of A2A-A10A confirm that a seven methylene tether (A7A) optimizes AChE inhibition potency and AChE/BChE selectivity. Finally, these studies indicate that simultaneous binding of alkylene-linked 9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine dimers to the catalytic and peripheral sites of AChE is possible with a tether length as short as 5 methylenes.

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