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Clin Chim Acta. 1999 Mar;281(1-2):57-69.

A highly sensitive enzyme-linked immunoassay for serum free prostate specific antigen (f-PSA).

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Second Department of Pathology, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Japan.


Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were generated against human prostate specific antigen (PSA) to allow development of a sensitive free-PSA (f-PSA) assay. Of a total of 211, 12 could detect only f-PSA, the other 199 MAbs binding to both f-PSA and complex-PSA. In the present study, one MAb (no. 5C6) specific for f-PSA and another (no. 79) reacting with both forms were used to develop an enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) for serum f-PSA. The detection limit was established as 0.008 microg/l (n = 20, mean of zero standard + 3 S.D.) and the average recovery of f-PSA was 93-102%. The within-run and between-day coefficient of variation (CV) varied from 5.4-7.4% and 4.8-6.5%, respectively. The cross-reactivity of the assay to PSA-alpha1-antichymotrypsin complex was determined to be < 0.4%.

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