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Vaccine. 1999 Apr 9;17(15-16):2051-8.

Expression of interleukin-2 receptor alpha and CD45RO antigen on T lymphocytes cultured with rubella virus antigen, compared with humoral immunity in rubella vaccinees.

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Department of Pediatrics, National Mie Hospital, Tsu, Japan.


We studied the expression of interleukin-2 receptor alpha (CD25)+ CD45RO+ CD4+ T lymphocytes (T-cell activation) in response to the rubella virus (RV) antigen (Matsuura strain, Biken, Osaka, Japan) using three-color-staining flow cytometry. The subjects were 48 healthy children (3-14 years old, 31 boys and 17 girls), who had received either monovalent vaccine (n = 5; mean age, 13.2 years) or measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine (n = 21; mean age, 10.5 years), had been naturally infected (n = 5; mean age, 11.4 years), or had been neither vaccinated nor naturally infected (n = 17; mean age, 10.0 years) and 62 healthy adolescents and adults (15-37 years old; 19 males and 43 females), who had received monovalent vaccine (n = 26, mean age, 27.4 years), had been naturally infected (n = 8; mean age, 24.0 years), or had been neither vaccinated nor naturally infected (n = 8; mean age, 16.5 years). Ninety-four of 110 subjects had HI titers > or = 1:16. T-cell activation in these subjects was significantly higher than that in 6 seronegative (HI titers < 1:8) subjects (p < 0.05). T-cell activation did not differ significantly with the history of exposure to RV. HI antibody titers > or = 1:16 and T-cell activation persisted in vaccinated subjects for > or = 20 years and was similar to those in naturally infected subjects. Our results suggest that cell-mediated immunity and humoral immunity persist for at least 20 years after vaccination.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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