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Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 1999;42(2):134-48.

Computer simulation of flagellar movement: VII. Conventional but functionally different cross-bridge models for inner and outer arm dyneins can explain the effects of outer arm dynein removal.

Author information

1
Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena 91125, USA. brokawc@cco.caltech.edu

Abstract

Outer arm dynein removal from flagella by genetic or chemical methods causes decreased frequency and power, but little change in bending pattern. These results suggest that outer arm dynein operates within bends to increase the speed of bend propagation, but does not produce forces that alter the bending pattern established by inner arm dyneins. A flagellar model incorporating different cross-bridge models for inner and outer arm dyneins has been examined. The inner arm dynein model has a hyperbolic force-velocity curve, with a maximum average force at 0 sliding velocity of about 14 pN for each 96 nm group of inner arm dyneins. The outer arm dynein model has a very different force-velocity curve, with a maximum force at about 10-15% of V(max). The outer arm dynein model is adjusted so that the unloaded sliding velocity for a realistic mixture of inner and outer arm dyneins is twice the unloaded sliding velocity for the inner arm dynein model alone. With these cross-bridge models, a flagellar model can be obtained that reduces its sliding velocity and frequency by approximately 50% when outer arm dyneins are removed, with little change in bending pattern. The addition of outer arm dyneins, therefore, gives an approximately 4-fold increase in power output against viscous resistances, and outer arm dyneins may generate 90% or more of the power output. Cell Motil.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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