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J Gastroenterol. 1999 Apr;34(2):260-3.

Rapid growth of residual colonic tumor after incomplete mucosal resection.

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Department of Surgery, The University of Tokyo, Japan.


We report an 89-year-old man with colon cancer that developed rapidly after an incomplete endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), and discuss the adverse effect of this maneuver on the tumor biology. A sessile polyp, 15 mm in size, was detected at the hepatic flexure. EMR was performed immediately. Histological examination showed well differentiated adenocarcinoma with an adenomatous component invading the submucosal layer. There was vascular invasion (positive on elastica van Gieson staining) and the surgical margin was positive for cancer. A right hemicolectomy was performed. The surgical specimen showed the residual tumor, 22 mm in diameter. The relevant histopathological findings of the surgical specimen were: well differentiated adenocarcinoma, with partly mucinous carcinoma and a tubular adenomatous component, depth muscularis propria (mp), lymph node (LN) (0/9). Most of the submucosally invasive cancer was resected by the initial EMR, but the small residual tumor showed rapid growth within only 3 months after the EMR. It was assumed that the residual tumor cells had acquired more malignant characteristics after EMR. In regard to EMR we propose that: (1) except for patients who are at high risk for a major operation, EMR should be avoided for carcinoma with massive submucosal invasion, (2) colonic resection should be performed immediately when histology shows a positive surgical margin for carcinoma, and (3) patients operated after an incomplete EMR should be watched very carefully for the detection of recurrence.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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