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J Biol Chem. 1999 Apr 30;274(18):12626-31.

Stress-activated protein kinase-3 interacts with the PDZ domain of alpha1-syntrophin. A mechanism for specific substrate recognition.

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1
Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Mechanisms for selective targeting to unique subcellular sites play an important role in determining the substrate specificities of protein kinases. Here we show that stress-activated protein kinase-3 (SAPK3, also called ERK6 and p38gamma), a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family that is abundantly expressed in skeletal muscle, binds through its carboxyl-terminal sequence -KETXL to the PDZ domain of alpha1-syntrophin. SAPK3 phosphorylates alpha1-syntrophin at serine residues 193 and 201 in vitro and phosphorylation is dependent on binding to the PDZ domain of alpha1-syntrophin. In skeletal muscle SAPK3 and alpha1-syntrophin co-localize at the neuromuscular junction, and both proteins can be co-immunoprecipitated from transfected COS cell lysates. Phosphorylation of a PDZ domain-containing protein by an associated protein kinase is a novel mechanism for determining both the localization and the substrate specificity of a protein kinase.

PMID:
10212242
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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