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Mol Microbiol. 1999 Mar;31(6):1835-44.

The contribution of the O-glycosylated protein Pir2p/Hsp150 to the construction of the yeast cell wall in wild-type cells and beta 1,6-glucan-deficient mutants.

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Center for Fungal Cell Wall Research, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


The cell wall of yeast contains a major structural unit, consisting of a cell wall protein (CWP) attached via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-derived structure to beta 1,6-glucan, which is linked in turn to beta 1, 3-glucan. When isolated cells walls were digested with beta 1,6-glucanase, 16% of all CWPs remained insoluble, suggesting an alternative linkage between CWPs and structural cell wall components that does not involve beta 1,6-glucan. The beta 1,6-glucanase-resistant protein fraction contained the recently identified GPI-lacking, O-glycosylated Pir-CWPs, including Pir2p/Hsp150. Evidence is presented that Pir2p/Hsp150 is attached to beta 1,3-glucan through an alkali-sensitive linkage, without beta 1,6-glucan as an interconnecting moiety. In beta 1,6-glucan-deficient mutants, the beta 1,6-glucanase-resistant protein fraction increased from 16% to over 80%. This was accompanied by increased incorporation of Pir2p/Hsp150. It is argued that this is part of a more general compensatory mechanism in response to cell wall weakening caused by low levels of beta 1,6-glucan.

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