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Res Vet Sci. 1999 Apr;66(2):101-5.

Responses of cattle to two dosages of Brucella abortus strain RB51: serology, clearance and efficacy.

Author information

1
Zoonotic Disease Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, Agricultural Research Service, Ames, IA 50010, USA.

Abstract

A new brucellosis vaccine, Brucella abortus strain RB51 (SRB51), is currently recommended for use as a calfhood vaccine in the US at dosages between 1 x 10(10)and 3.4 x 10(10)colony-forming units (CFU). The purpose of the study reported here was to compare responses to minimal and maximal recommended SRB51 dosages. Eighteen heifer calves were vaccinated subcutaneously with 1.6 x 10(10)CFU of SRB51, 3.2 x 10(10)CFU of SRB51, or saline (n = 6 per treatment). The vaccine strain was recovered from the superficial cervical lymph node 14 weeks after vaccination in two of six animals that received 1.6 x 10(10)CFU SRB51, but not from any cattle vaccinated with 3.2 x 10(10)CFU SRB51. The higher SRB51 dosage stimulated greater antibody titres. Protection against abortion or infection following B. abortus strain 2308 (S2308) challenge was similar for both SRB51 dosages and greater than resistance of non-vaccinates. The vaccine strain was recovered from one heifer and her fetus at necropsy 1 week prior to estimated parturition. Data from this study suggests that SRB51 induces similar protective immunity across the recommended dosage range. The SRB51 vaccine may persist in some cattle into adulthood but the incidence and significance of this persistence remains unknown.

PMID:
10208887
DOI:
10.1053/rvsc.1998.0251
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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