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Pharmacogenetics. 1999 Feb;9(1):103-11.

Association of arylamine N-acetyltransferases NAT1 and NAT2 genotypes to laryngeal cancer risk.

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Institute of Clinical Pharmacology and Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Clinic Charité, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany.


Genetically polymorphic xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes are supposed to be host factors for an individual's cancer susceptibility. A total of 255 laryngeal cancer patients was genotyped for NAT1 and NAT2 and compared with 510 reference individuals, matched by age and gender. NAT1 genotypes (NAT1*3, *4, *10, and *11 ) were found equally distributed between cases and control individuals. However, there was a significant overrepresentation of 20 (7.8%) homozygous NAT2 genotypes coding for rapid acetylation (NAT2*4/*4 and NAT2*4/*12A) amongst laryngeal cancer patients versus 19 (3.7%) such individuals in the control group (odds ratio 2.18, 95% confidence limits 1.13, 4.22; P = 0.018). Furthermore, an increasing NAT2*4/*4 frequency in cases with strong cigarette consumption was observed, but also in non-smokers. Heterozygous genotypes of NAT2*4/slow were not overrepresented. These results correspond with earlier findings in lung cancer. Analysis of NAT1 and NAT2 combinations revealed a linkage disequilibrium between NAT1*10 and NAT2*4; NAT1*10 frequency was twofold higher in NAT2*4/*4 carriers than in slow NAT2 coding genotypes. In conclusion, the distinct genotype NAT2*4/*4 proved to be a rare, but powerful host risk factor for larynx carcinoma. These data support the notion that an individual's specific NAT2 genotype may be decisive for the organ of his smoking-initiated cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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