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Oncogene. 1999 Mar 4;18(9):1677-87.

The translation initiation factor, hu-Sui1 may be a target of hepatitis B X antigen in hepatocarcinogenesis.

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Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107-6799, USA.


The role of hepatitis B virus X antigen in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma was explored by stably transfecting HepG2 cells with an X antigen expression vector, and identifying the differences in gene expression that distinguish X positive from X negative cells by subtractive PCR. One differentially expressed gene, the human homolog of sui1 (hu-sui1), encodes a translation initiation factor whose expression was suppressed by X antigen in HepG2 cells. Hu-Sui1 was also expressed in nontumor liver but not in tumor cells from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Introduction of hu-sui1 into HepG2 cells inhibited cell growth in culture, in soft agar, and partially inhibited tumor formation in nude mice. Hence, the suppression of hu-sui1 by X antigen may result in the abrogation of negative growth regulation and contribute to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma.

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