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J Parasitol. 1999 Feb;85(1):64-7.

Characterization of temperature-sensitive strains of Neospora caninum in mice.

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Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg 24061-0442, USA.


Temperature-sensitive (ts) strains of the Neospora caninum tachyzoites were selected by chemical mutagenesis and selection for growth at 32 C. Three ts strains and the parental, N. caninum wild-type strain, NC-1, were examined in the present study for their ability to cause disease in inbred BALB/c mice, outbred ICR mice, and chemically immunosuppressed ICR mice. In BALB/c mice, all 3 strains failed to induce clinical disease, whereas infection with the NC-1 strain caused central nervous system disease and death in some mice. No disease was observed in ICR mice inoculated with the 3 ts strains or the NC-1 strain. All immunosuppressed ICR mice inoculated with the NC-1 strain died, whereas no immunosuppressed mice inoculated with the NCts-4 strain and only 1 of 5 mice inoculated with the NCts-8 and NCts-12 strains died. The NCts-4 and NCts-12 strains reverted to a wild-type phenotype when grown at 37 C. Vaccination of BALB/c mice with live, but not frozen NCts-8 strain tachyzoites induced significant (P < 0.05) protection following NC-1 strain challenge.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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