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J Biol Chem. 1999 Apr 23;274(17):11868-73.

The cytoplasmic domain of the lymphotoxin-beta receptor mediates cell death in HeLa cells.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei 11221, Taiwan.


Activation of lymphotoxin-beta receptor (LT-betaR) by conjugation with heterotrimeric lymphotoxin, LT-alpha1/beta2, or by cross-linking with anti-LT-betaR antibodies can trigger apoptosis. We have observed that overexpression of either LT-betaR or the cytoplasmic domain of LT-betaR (LT-betaR(CD)) also induces apoptosis, which may be attributed to the tendency of LT-betaR(CD) to self-associate. The self-association domain of LT-betaR(CD) was mapped to amino acids 324-377, a region of the protein that is also essential for LT-betaR-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, we have shown that LT-betaR(CD)-induced apoptosis could be inhibited by a TRAF3 dominant negative mutant and by the caspase inhibitors Z-VAD-FMK, DEVD-FMK, and CrmA. The ligand-independent apoptosis induced by LT-betaR(CD) will help us to further dissect LT-betaR signaling pathway.

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