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J Biol Chem. 1999 Apr 23;274(17):11848-53.

Identification of the calmodulin-binding domain of neuron-specific protein kinase C substrate protein CAP-22/NAP-22. Direct involvement of protein myristoylation in calmodulin-target protein interaction.

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1
Division of Biomedical Polymer Science, Institute for Comprehensive Medical Science, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Aichi 470-1192, Japan.

Abstract

Various proteins in the signal transduction pathways as well as those of viral origin have been shown to be myristoylated. Although the modification is often essential for the proper functioning of the modified protein, the mechanism by which the modification exerts its effects is still largely unknown. Brain-specific protein kinase C substrate, CAP-23/NAP-22, which is involved in the synaptogenesis and neuronal plasticity, binds calmodulin, but the protein lacks any canonical calmodulin-binding domain. In the present report, we show that CAP-23/NAP-22 isolated from rat brain is myristoylated and that the modification is directly involved in its interaction with calmodulin. Myristoylated and non-myristoylated recombinant proteins were produced in Escherichia coli, and their calmodulin-binding properties were examined. Only the former bound to calmodulin. Synthetic peptides based on the N-terminal sequence showed similar binding properties to calmodulin, only when they were myristoylated. The calmodulin-binding site narrowed down to the myristoyl moiety together with a nine-amino acid N-terminal basic domain. Phosphorylation of a single serine residue in the N-terminal domain (Ser5) by protein kinase C abolished the binding. Furthermore, phosphorylation of CAP-23/NAP-22 by protein kinase C was also found myristoylation-dependent, suggesting the importance of myristoylation in protein-protein interactions.

PMID:
10207003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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