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J Biol Chem. 1999 Apr 23;274(17):11557-63.

Dibromopropanone cross-linking of the phosphopantetheine and active-site cysteine thiols of the animal fatty acid synthase can occur both inter- and intrasubunit. Reevaluation of the side-by-side, antiparallel subunit model.

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1
Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California 94609, USA.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to test a new model for the homodimeric animal FAS which implies that the condensation reaction can be catalyzed by the amino-terminal beta-ketoacyl synthase domain in cooperation with the penultimate carboxyl-terminal acyl carrier protein domain of either subunit. Treatment of animal fatty acid synthase dimers with dibromopropanone generates three new molecular species with decreased electrophoretic mobilities; none of these species are formed by fatty acid synthase mutant dimers lacking either the active-site cysteine of the beta-ketoacyl synthase domain (C161A) or the phosphopantetheine thiol of the acyl carrier protein domain (S2151A). A double affinity-labeling strategy was used to isolate dimers that carried one or both mutations on one or both subunits; the heterodimers were treated with dibromopropanone and analyzed by a combination of sodium dodecyl sulfate/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, Western blotting, gel filtration, and matrix-assisted laser desorption mass spectrometry. Thus the two slowest moving of these species, which accounted for 45 and 15% of the total, were identified as doubly and singly cross-linked dimers, respectively, whereas the fastest moving species, which accounted for 35% of the total, was identified as originating from internally cross-linked subunits. These results show that the two polypeptides of the fatty acid synthase are oriented such that head-to-tail contacts are formed both between and within subunits, and provide the first structural evidence in support of the new model.

PMID:
10206962
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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