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Breast Cancer Res Treat. 1999 Jan;53(1):33-9.

Analyses of microsatellite instability and the transforming growth factor-beta receptor type II gene mutation in sporadic breast cancer and their correlation with clinicopathological features.

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First Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan.


To determine the incidence of microsatellite instability (MSI) and its relationship with both clinicopathologic parameters and patient survival, 101 cases of breast cancer were investigated. In addition, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) receptor type II (RII) gene mutation was also examined to clarify the relation to MSI in breast cancer development. MSI and RII gene mutation were screened by single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP). The mutations of the RII gene were confirmed by a direct sequence. An association between the MSI status and the clinicopathological features was examined to assess the potential of the MSI status as a prognostic indicator in sporadic breast cancer cases. MSI was detected in 12 of 101 (11.9%) breast cancer cases. The positive MSI breast cancer cases showed relatively more advanced disease than negative MSI cases, and also exhibited relatively poorer prognoses. No RII gene mutations were observed in any of the breast cancer cases. Our data suggest that the MSI status may thus be a useful indicator for the prognosis of sporadic breast cancer cases. However, the breast seems to be an infrequent target organ for cancer development through RII gene mutations. As a result, tumor progression through this pathway appears to be related to organ specificity. For positive MSI breast cancers, other target genes therefore still need to be identified.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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