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Clin Chest Med. 1999 Mar;20(1):89-105.

Role of bronchoscopy in massive hemoptysis.

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Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio, USA.


Massive hemoptysis accounts for a minority of all patients with hemoptysis but poses a major challenge for the acute and long-term treatment. Massive hemoptysis can lead to asphyxiation and airway obstruction, shock, and exsanguination. Bronchoscopy plays an integral part in managing massive hemoptysis in diagnosis and treatment (Table 5). Specifically, bronchoscopy allows lateralization and more specific localization of bleeding that is critically important for effective management. Furthermore, acute control of bleeding can sometimes be achieved with instruments and catheters placed through the bronchoscope or by agents instilled into the airways through the bronchoscope.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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