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J Virol Methods. 1999 Mar;78(1-2):171-6.

Human anti-JC virus serum reacts with native but not denatured JC virus major capsid protein VP1.

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Department of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical and Dental College, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC.


The immunoreactivity of human anti-JC virus (JCV) serum against the major capsid protein VP1 of JCV was analyzed by Western blot, dot blot, and hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) assays. JCV-positive human serum reacted with native but not denatured JCV major capsid protein VP1, as demonstrated by dot blot and Western blot. Rabbit antiserum raised against native JCV capsid had immunoreactivities similar to those of human anti-JCV serum. These results indicate that the antigenecity of native and denatured JCV VP1 is different. In addition, both JCV-positive human serum and rabbit antiserum raised against native JCV capsid protein inhibited the hemagglutination activity of JCV capsid particles. In contrast, rabbit antiserum raised against denatured JCV VP1 did not inhibit hemagglutination. These findings reveal that denaturation may alter the antigenic epitopes of JCV VP1. Therefore, keeping the JCV capsid protein native appears to be essential for serological or other immunological analyses of the virus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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