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Neurosci Lett. 1999 Mar 5;262(2):129-32.

Activators of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) inhibit inducible nitric oxide synthase expression but increase heme oxygenase-1 expression in rat glial cells.

Author information

1
Department of Neurobiology, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Japan.

Abstract

The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is activated by 15-deoxy-delta(12,14) prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), anti-diabetic thiazolidinediones and several non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In rat glial cells, lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma (LPS/IFN-gamma) induced expression of both inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). PPARgamma activators inhibited iNOS expression by LPS and IFN-gamma. However, PPARgamma activator alone induced HO-1 expression and further enhanced LPS/IFN-gamma-induced HO-1 expression. These results suggest that activation of PPARgamma negatively regulate iNOS expression and positively regulates HO-1 expression in glial cells.

PMID:
10203248
DOI:
10.1016/s0304-3940(99)00055-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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