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J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 1999 Mar 5;724(1):1-7.

Aggregated human serum immunoglobulin A1 induced by neuraminidase treatment had a lower number of O-linked sugar chains on the hinge portion.

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Department of Biochemistry and Medicine, School of Medicine and Nursing, Kitasato University, Kanagawa, Japan.


A part of human serum immunoglobulin A1(IgA1) was aggregated by treatment with neuraminidase. Aggregated IgA1 was separated from non-aggregated IgA1 by gel permeation chromatography. The prepared asialo-hinge glycopeptide (asialo-HGP) from both IgA1 subfractions was treated with beta-galactosidase to determine the number of beta-linked sugar chains attached on the hinge region. Removal of the galactose residue from asialo-HGP resulted in the HPLC separation of three major peaks. MALDI-TOFMS analysis of the glycopeptides also indicated the presence of three HGP components with three, four and five N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residues, respectively. Comparison of their relative content among the glycopeptide components showed a higher content of the HGP component with a lower number of GalNAc residues on aggregated IgA1. Thus, asialo-HGP prepared from aggregated IgA1 induced by neuraminidase treatment had an incomplete core structure of O-linked oligosaccharides. Especially, the result suggested that the reduced number of the attached O-linked oligosaccharides on IgA1 take part in phenomena such as self-aggregation of asialo-IgA1.

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