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Cell Immunol. 1999 Apr 10;193(1):90-8.

Prostaglandins mediate suppression of lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine synthesis in acute Trypanosoma cruzi infection.

Author information

1
Center of Biological Sciences, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, 86051-970, Brazil.

Abstract

Suppression of host lymphoproliferative responses to mitogens and Ag is characteristically seen during acute infection with the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. We investigated the reciprocal regulation of prostaglandins (PG), TNF-alpha, and nitric oxide (NO) production and their effects on cytokine production and lymphoproliferative responses to parasite Ag and to Con A by spleen cells (SC) from T.-cruzi-infected mice. Large amounts of PGE2, TNF-alpha, and NO were produced during infection. TNF-alpha stimulated PG and NO synthesis, while both mediators inhibited TNF-alpha synthesis. Blocking PG also reduced NO synthesis indicating that PG stimulate NO production. Treatment with indomethacin or NMLA stimulated lymphoproliferation on days 6 and 22 of infection; on day 14, when suppression of proliferation and NO production was maximal, combined inhibition of NO and PG production restored parasite Ag specific and Con A proliferative responses. Blocking PG or NO production increased IL-2, IFN-gamma, and TNF-alpha, but not IL-12 production by SC; IL-10 levels were not reduced. Indomethacin-treated infected mice had higher mortality compared to untreated infected animals. The data indicate that PG, together with NO and TNF-alpha, participate in a complex circuit that controls lymphoproliferative and cytokine responses in T. cruzi infection.

PMID:
10202116
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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