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Eur J Clin Nutr. 1999 Mar;53(3):174-80.

Dietary intake of vegetables and fruits among adults in five regions of Spain. EPIC Group of Spain. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.

Author information

1
IREC, Mataró, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the consumption of vegetables and fruits (V&F) in adults from five regions in Spain according to sex, age and educational level.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study within the members of the EPIC cohort in Spain.

SETTING:

Three regions of the north of Spain (Asturias, Guipúzcoa and Navarra) and two regions of the south of Spain (Granada and Murcia).

SUBJECTS:

41448 healthy volunteers (15365 men, 25813 women), aged 29-69 y.

INTERVENTIONS:

Information on habitual diet during the previous year was collected by means of a computerised version of a diet history questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Among men, the mean daily consumption of vegetables and of fruits was 273.7 g (3.4 servings) and 348.3 g (4.4 servings) respectively. Among women, the corresponding vegetables and fruit intakes per day were 244.4g (3.1 servings) and 349.4g (4.4 servings). The total V&F intake tended to increase with age and educational level. Overall, 74% of subjects consumed 400 g/d (5 servings) of vegetables and fruit.

CONCLUSIONS:

Consumption of vegetables and fruits in healthy adults in Spain is considerably higher than in most European countries and the United States; this complies with what is considered to be the Mediterranean diet. Despite some regional differences, there were no clearly differentiated patterns of V&F intake between southern and northern regions within Spain.

PMID:
10201797
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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