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Arch Microbiol. 1999 Feb;171(3):146-50.

Distribution of ATPase and ATP-to-ADP phosphate exchange activities in magnesium chelatase subunits of Chlorobium vibrioforme and Synechocystis PCC6803.

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1
Department of Ecology and Molecular Biology, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederksberg, Denmark.

Abstract

Insertion of magnesium into protoporphyrin IX is a complex ATP-dependent reaction catalysed by the enzyme Mg-chelatase. Three separate proteins (Mg-chelatase subunits), designated as D, H and I, are involved in the chelation reaction. The genes encoding the Mg-chelatase subunits of the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium vibrioforme and of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis strain PCC6803 were expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant proteins were purified, tested for ATPase and phosphate exchange activities, and compared with the activities of the corresponding subunits of Rhodobacter sphaeroides. The Synechocystis strain PCC6803 I subunit and the C. vibrioforme H and I subunits hydrolysed ATP at the rates of 2.0, 1.8 and 0.16 nmol (mg protein)-1 min-1, respectively. The ATPase activity of the C. vibrioforme H subunit was similar to that reported for the R. sphaeroides H subunit. The Synechocystis strain PCC6803 H subunit failed to hydrolyse ATP. The I subunit of Synechocystis strain PCC6803 and C. vibrioforme catalysed a transfer of PO4 from ATP to ADP (exchange activity) at the rate of 1.75 +/- 0.15 nmol (mg protein)-1 min-1. This exchange rate was 300-fold lower than that reported for the R. sphaeroides I subunit. The PO4 exchange activities were correlated with the presence of the sequence GXRGTGKSTXVRALA in the primary structure of the three I subunits. Mg-chelatase activity was reconstituted by combining the three subunits of the same bacterium [rates of 41-89 pmol Mg-deuteroporphyrin (mg protein)-1 min-1]. Heterologous subunit combinations resulted in low or no Mg-chelatase activity.

PMID:
10201094
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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