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Mol Microbiol. 1999 Mar;31(5):1513-21.

Physical and genetic map of the genome of Vibrio parahaemolyticus: presence of two chromosomes in Vibrio species.

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Department of Bacterial Infections, Osaka University, Japan.


We constructed a physical map of the genomic DNA (5.1 Mb) for Vibrio parahaemolyticus strain AQ4673 by combining 17 adjacent NotI fragments. This map shows two circular replicons of 3.2 and 1.9 Mb. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of undigested genomic DNA revealed two bands of corresponding sizes. Analysis both by NotI digestion and by Southern blot of the two isolated bands confirmed the existence of two replicons. The presence of genes for 16S rRNA on both the replicons indicates that the replicons are chromosomes rather than megaplasmids. The two bands were also seen after PFGE of undigested genomic DNA of V. parahaemolyticus strains other than AQ4673, and of strains belonging to other Vibrio species, such as V. vulnificus, V. fluvialis and various serovars and biovars of V. cholerae. It is noteworthy that V. cholerae O1 strain 569B, a classical biovar, was also shown to have two replicons of 2.9 and 1.2 Mb, which does not agree with a physical map proposed in a previous study. Our results suggest that a two-replicon structure is common throughout Vibrio species.

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