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J Appl Microbiol. 1999 Jan;86(1):29-35.

New types of antimicrobial compounds produced by Lactobacillus plantarum.

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VTT Biotechnology and Food Research, Espoo, Finland.


New types of antimicrobial compounds were identified in the culture filtrate of Lactobacillus plantarum VTT E-78076. Activity was detected in the low molecular mass fraction separated by gel chromatography. This fraction totally inhibited the growth of the Gram-negative test organism, Pantoea agglomerans (Enterobacter agglomerans) VTT E-90396. Characteristic compounds from this fraction were identified by GC/MS-analysis and the identification was confirmed using pure commercial reference compounds in identical chromatographs and in antimicrobial tests. The active fraction included benzoic acid (CAS 65-85-0), 5-methyl-2,4-imidazolidinedione (CAS 616-03-5, methylhydantoin), tetrahydro-4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2H- pyran-2-one (CAS 674-26-0, mevalonolactone) and 3-(2-methylpropyl)-2,5-piperazinedione (CAS 5845-67-0, cyclo(glycyl-L-leucyl)). These compounds in concentrations of 10 ppm inhibited growth of the test organism by 10-15% when acting separately, but 100% when all were applied together with 1% lactic acid. The inhibition was 40% by 1% lactic acid alone. The compounds were also active against Fusarium avenaceum (Gibberella avenacea) VTT-D-80147. The inhibition was 10-15% by separate compounds in concentrations of 10 ppm and maximally 20% in combinations. Fungal growth was not inhibited by lactic acid. Inhibition by unfractionated Lact. plantarum culture filtrate was 37% and by the low molecular mass fraction, 27%.

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