Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Biol Cell. 1999 Apr;10(4):1221-34.

Overexpression of a kinase-deficient transforming growth factor-beta type II receptor in mouse mammary stroma results in increased epithelial branching.

Author information

Department of Cell Biology and The Vanderbilt Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA.


Members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily signal through heteromeric type I and type II serine/threonine kinase receptors. Transgenic mice that overexpress a dominant-negative mutation of the TGF-beta type II receptor (DNIIR) under the control of a metallothionein-derived promoter (MT-DNIIR) were used to determine the role of endogenous TGF-betas in the developing mammary gland. The expression of the dominant-negative receptor was induced with zinc and was primarily localized to the stroma underlying the ductal epithelium in the mammary glands of virgin transgenic mice from two separate mouse lines. In MT-DNIIR virgin females treated with zinc, there was an increase in lateral branching of the ductal epithelium. We tested the hypothesis that expression of the dominant-negative receptor may alter expression of genes that are expressed in the stroma and regulated by TGF-betas, potentially resulting in the increased lateral branching seen in the MT-DNIIR mammary glands. The expression of hepatocyte growth factor mRNA was increased in mammary glands from transgenic animals relative to the wild-type controls, suggesting that this factor may play a role in TGF-beta-mediated regulation of lateral branching. Loss of responsiveness to TGF-betas in the mammary stroma resulted in increased branching in mammary epithelium, suggesting that TGF-betas play an important role in the stromal-epithelial interactions required for branching morphogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center