Send to

Choose Destination
J Biol Chem. 1999 Apr 16;274(16):10846-51.

Human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3 interacts with both the N- and C-terminal domains of gelatinases A and B. Regulation by polyanions.

Author information

School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom.


We compared the association constants of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-3 with various matrix metalloproteinases with those for TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 using a continuous assay. TIMP-3 behaved more like TIMP-2 than TIMP-1, showing rapid association with gelatinases A and B. Experiments with the N-terminal domain of gelatinase A, the isolated C-terminal domain, or an inactive progelatinase A mutant showed that the hemopexin domain of gelatinase A makes an important contribution to the interaction with TIMP-3. The exchange of portions of the gelatinase A hemopexin domain with that of stromelysin revealed that residues 568-631 of gelatinase A were required for rapid association with TIMP-3. The N-terminal domain of gelatinase B alone also showed slower association with TIMP-3, again implying significant C-domain interactions. The isolation of complexes between TIMP-3 and progelatinases A and B on gelatin-agarose demonstrated that TIMP-3 binds to both proenzymes. We analyzed the effect of various polyanions on the inhibitory activity of TIMP-3 in our soluble assay. The association rate was increased by dextran sulfate, heparin, and heparan sulfate, but not by dermatan sulfate or hyaluronic acid. Because TIMP-3 is sequestered in the extracellular matrix, the presence of certain heparan sulfate proteoglycans could enhance its inhibitory capacity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center