Send to

Choose Destination
Early Hum Dev. 1998 Dec;53(2):145-54.

Anti-insulin antibodies and birth weight in pregnancies complicated by diabetes.

Author information

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Graz, Austria.


Free insulin cannot cross the placenta but insulin complexed to anti-insulin antibodies has been demonstrated in cord blood. We studied whether antibody-bound insulin in diabetic patients can evoke fetal macrosomia independently of maternal metabolic control. In 457 non insulin-treated controls and 173 insulin-treated diabetic patients we measured 1187 anti-insulin antibody levels and maternal blood glucose, maternal fructosamine, cord blood insulin, cord blood C-peptide, cord blood fructosamine and amniotic fluid insulin. Mean anti-insulin antibody levels in maternal blood and cord blood were significantly higher in insulin treated diabetic patients (4.6 and 5.4 U/ml) than in controls (1.8 and 1.7 U/ml) with maxima of 89.2 in maternal and 120.0 U/ml in cord blood, respectively. In insulin treated diabetic patients 16.6% (maternal blood) and 22% (cord blood) anti-insulin antibody levels were above the 97th percentile. There was a high significant correlation between maternal and cord blood anti-insulin antibodies (R = 0.987, P = < 0.0001), but no correlation of anti-insulin antibodies with maternal (glucose, fructosamine) or fetal (insulin, C-peptide, and fructosamine in cord blood, amniotic fluid insulin) metabolic parameters. While maternal and fetal metabolic parameters correlated with birth weight neither maternal nor cord blood anti-insulin antibody levels correlated with birth weight. These findings do not support the hypothesis that maternal anti-insulin antibodies independently influence fetal weight.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center