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J Pept Res. 1999 Jan;53(1):41-6.

Structure-activity relationship study: short antimicrobial peptides.

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1
Protein Chemistry Laboratory, Mogam Biotechnology Research Institute, Yongin-city, Kyunggi-Do, Korea.

Abstract

Many short antimicrobial peptides (< 18mer) have been identified for the development of therapeutic agents. However, Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies about short antimicrobial peptides have not been extensively performed. To investigate the relationship between activity and structural parameters such as an alpha-helical structure, a net positive charge and a hydrophobicity, we synthesized and characterized diastereomers, scramble peptides and substituted peptides of the short antimicrobial peptide identified by combinatorial libraries. Circular dichroism (CD) spectra and in vitro activity indicated that an alpha-helical structure correlated with the antimicrobial activity and a beta-sheet structure also satisfied a structural requirement for antimicrobial activity. Most peptides consisting of L-amino acids lost antifungal activity in the presence of heat-inactivated serum, while active diastereomers and a scramble peptide with the beta-sheet structure retained antifungal activity in the same condition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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