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Nat Neurosci. 1998 May;1(1):29-35.

Two sites of action for synapsin domain E in regulating neurotransmitter release.

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Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA.

Erratum in

  • Nat Neurosci 1998 Aug;1(4):329.


Synapsins, a family of synaptic vesicle proteins, have been shown to regulate neurotransmitter release; the mechanism(s) by which they act are not fully understood. Here we have studied the role of domain E of synapsins in neurotransmitter release at the squid giant synapse. Two squid synapsin isoforms were cloned and found to contain a carboxy (C)-terminal domain homologous to domain E of the vertebrate a-type synapsin isoforms. Presynaptic injection of a peptide fragment of domain E greatly reduced the number of synaptic vesicles in the periphery of the active zone, and increased the rate and extent of synaptic depression, suggesting that domain E is essential for synapsins to regulate a reserve pool of synaptic vesicles. Domain E peptide had no effect on the number of docked synaptic vesicles, yet reversibly inhibited and slowed the kinetics of neurotransmitter release, indicating a second role for synapsins that is more intimately associated with the release process itself. Thus, synapsin domain E is involved in at least two distinct reactions that are crucial for exocytosis in presynaptic terminals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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