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Radiat Res. 1999 Apr;151(4):423-32.

Rejoining kinetics of DNA single- and double-strand breaks in normal and DNA ligase-deficient cells after exposure to ultraviolet C and gamma radiation: an evaluation of ligating activities involved in different DNA repair processes.

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1
UMR Curie/CNRS 218 et LRC no. 1 du CEA, Institut Curie, Section de Recherche, Paris, France.

Abstract

The repair kinetics for rejoining of DNA single- and double-strand breaks after exposure to UVC or gamma radiation was measured in cells with deficiencies in DNA ligase activities and in their normal counterparts. Human 46BR cells were deficient in DNA ligase I. Hamster EM9 and EM-C11 cells were deficient in DNA ligase III activity as a consequence of mutations in the XRCC1 gene. Hamster XR-1 cells had mutation in the XRCC4 gene, whose product stimulates DNA ligase IV activity. DNA single- and double-strand breaks were assessed by the comet assay in alkaline conditions and by the technique of graded-field gel electrophoresis in neutral conditions, respectively. 46BR cells, which are known to re-ligate at a reduced rate the DNA single-strand breaks incurred during processing of damage induced by UVC but not gamma radiation, were shown to have a normal repair of radiation-induced DNA double-strand breaks. EM9 cells exhibited a reduced rate of rejoining of DNA single-strand breaks after exposure to ionizing radiation, as reported previously, as well as UVC radiation. EM-C11 cells were deficient in the repair of radiation-induced-DNA single-strand breaks but, in contrast to EM9 cells, demonstrated the same kinetics as the parental cell line in the resealing of DNA breaks resulting from exposure to UVC radiation. Both EM9 and EM-C11 cells displayed a significant defect in rejoining of radiation-induced-DNA double-strand breaks. XR-1 cells were confirmed to be highly deficient in the repair of radiation-induced DNA double-strand breaks but appeared to rejoin DNA single-strand breaks after UVC and gamma irradiation at rates close to normal. Taken together these results indicate that: (1) DNA ligase I is involved only in nucleotide excision repair; (2) DNA ligase IV plays an important role only in repair of DNA double-strand breaks; and (3) DNA ligase III is implicated in base excision repair and in repair of DNA double-strand breaks, but probably not in nucleotide excision repair.

PMID:
10190494
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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