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Cancer. 1999 Mar 15;85(6):1226-33.

Overexpression of p53 protein and outcome of patients treated with chemoradiation for carcinoma of the anal canal: a report of randomized trial RTOG 87-04. Radiation Therapy Oncology Group.

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1
Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite encouraging results with chemoradiation as the primary means of managing carcinoma of the anal canal, approximately 20% of patients will develop a local recurrence. This study examined the prognostic significance of p53 nuclear protein overexpression in the pretreatment biopsies of patients treated with chemoradiation for epidermoid carcinoma of the anal canal.

METHODS:

All patients were treated in a prospective, randomized Radiation Therapy Oncology Group trial (RTOG 87-04) in which radiotherapy to the pelvis was compared with concurrent 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or 5-FU and mitomycin-C. Formalin fixed, paraffin embedded blocks or unstained slides from the pretreatment biopsies of 64 patients were obtained from referring institutions and evaluated immunohistochemically with the polyclonal p53 antibody CM-1. A multivariate analysis was conducted to analyze overexpression of p53 in terms of locoregional control, no evidence of disease (NED), and overall survival.

RESULTS:

p53 protein was overexpressed in 48.4% of the cases. Although not statistically significant, there was a trend for patients whose tumors overexpressed p53 to have inferior locoregional control (52% vs. 72%, P = 0.13), NED survival (52% vs. 68%, P = 0.27), and absolute survival (58% vs. 78%, P = 0.14). Of all the pretreatment factors analyzed, only International Union Against Cancer stage was predictive of outcome in multivariate analysis. Among those patients whose tumors overexpressed p53, there was a trend toward improved outcome in the arm that received 5-FU and mitomycin-C compared with the arm that received 5-FU only.

CONCLUSIONS:

Overexpression of the p53 protein may be associated with inferior outcome for patients managed with definitive chemoradiation for epidermoid carcinoma of the anal canal.

PMID:
10189126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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