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Br J Pharmacol. 1999 Feb;126(3):563-7.

Cyclo-oxygenase-2 mediates P2Y receptor-induced reactive astrogliosis.

Author information

1
Institute of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Milan, Italy.

Abstract

Excessive cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) induction may play a role in chronic neurological diseases characterized by inflammation and astrogliosis. We have previously identified an astroglial receptor for extracellular nucleotides, a P2Y receptor, whose stimulation leads to arachidonic acid (AA) release, followed, 3 days later, by morphological changes resembling reactive astrogliosis. Since COX-2 may be upregulated by AA metabolites, we assessed a possible role for COX-2 in P2Y receptor-mediated astrogliosis. A brief challenge of rat astrocytes with the ATP analogue alpha,beta-methylene ATP (alpha,beta(me)ATP) resulted, 24 h later, in significantly increased COX-2 expression. The selective COX-2 inhibitor NS-398 completely abolished alpha,beta(me)ATP-induced astrocytic activation. Constitutive astroglial COX-1 or COX-2 did not play any role in purine-induced reactive astrogliosis. PGE2, a main metabolite of COX-2, also induced astrocytic activation. These data suggest that a P2Y receptor mediates reactive astrogliosis via induction of COX-2. Antagonists selective for this receptor may counteract excessive COX-2 activation in both acute and chronic neurological diseases.

PMID:
10188963
PMCID:
PMC1565841
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bjp.0702333
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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