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Neuroscience. 1999 Apr;90(1):319-31.

Cellular and subcellular expression of monocarboxylate transporters in the pigment epithelium and retina of the rat.

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1
Department of Anatomy, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

The cellular and subcellular expression of the monocarboxylate transporters MCT1, MCT2 and MCT4 [corresponding to MCT3 of Price N. T. et al. (1998) Biochem. J. 329, 321-328] were investigated in the pigment epithelium and outer retina of rats. Immunofluorescence and postembedding immunogold analyses revealed strong MCT1 labelling in the apical membrane of the pigment epithelial and no detectable signal in the basolateral membrane. In contrast, antibodies to the glucose transporter GLUT1 produced intense labelling in both membranes. Neither MCT1 nor GLUT1 was enriched in intracellular compartments. The monocarboxylate transporter MCT4 was very weakly expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium of adult animals, but occurred at higher concentrations at this site in 14-day-old rats. However, even at the latter stage, the immunolabelling of MCT4 was weak compared to that of MCT1. In the neural retina, the data were consistent with a predominant glial localization of MCT1. Specifically, immunogold particles signalling MCT1 occurred in Müller cell microvilli and in the velate processes between the photoreceptors. No labelling was obtained with antibodies to MCT2. Taken together with previous biochemical analyses, the present findings indicate that MCT1 is involved in the outward transport of lactate through the retinal pigment epithelial cells, and in the transfer of lactate between Müller cells and photoreceptors.

PMID:
10188957
DOI:
10.1016/s0306-4522(98)00427-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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