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Life Sci. 1995;56(11-12):931-8.

Diverse pre- and post-synaptic expression of m1-m4 muscarinic receptor proteins in neurons and afferents in the rat neostriatum.

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Department of Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.


We have utilized subtype specific antibodies to determine the cellular and subcellular distributions of the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes that are highly expressed in the rat striatum (m1-m4). Each receptor is expressed in distinct populations of striatal neurons in the relative proportions predicted by their mRNAs. They concentrate at post-synaptic sites and each of the four subtypes are also transported to pre-synaptic sites. m2 appears to be the only presynaptic autoreceptor in the striatum, but it is also localized in non-cholinergic terminals. These distinct pre- and post-synaptic localizations suggest that muscarinic receptor subtype diversity evolved to enable increasingly complex responses to acetylcholine release.

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