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Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 1998 Jun;9(3):59-65.

Endophthalmitis following open-globe injuries.

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Service of Ophthalmology, Arnau de Vilanova Hospital, Valencia, Spain.


Endophthalmitis following open-globe injuries is caused by a specific range of microorganisms, of which Bacillus sp. and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus are the most frequent. Risk factors include the presence of an intraocular foreign body, injury inflicted by organic material, delay in surgery, and the type of wound involved. Despite important advances in medical and surgical management, this type of endophthalmitis continues to pose a poor prognosis. In this sense, we consider prevention to be the best approach. We report our protocols for the prevention and treatment of endophthalmitis following open-globe injuries, based on recent experimental studies on the ocular pharmacokinetics of antibiotics and on multicenter studies of the treatment of endophthalmitis.

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