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Pharmacoeconomics. 1996 Mar;9(3):188-97.

The pharmacoeconomics of ACE inhibitors in chronic heart failure.

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Department of Cardiology, Western General Hospitals NHS Trust, Edinburgh, Scotland.


Because heart failure is common and disabling, patients with this condition utilise healthcare resources to a considerable extent. In particular, patients with heart failure frequently require hospital admission, and inpatient care is often protracted. Patients with the most advanced stages of heart failure make the greatest demands on the healthcare system. Expenditure related to the consumption of healthcare resources accounts for the 1 to 2% of total healthcare spending related to heart failure. Between two-thirds and three-quarters of this is due to the costs of hospital care. ACE inhibitors reduce progression of heart failure and also reduce the need for hospitalisation by approximately 30%. In so doing, these drugs substantially or totally offset their cost and the cost of extended life. Five independent economic analyses collectively show ACE inhibitors, at worst, to be very cost effective (in comparison to other cardiovascular therapies), cost neutral or to lead to overall cost savings when used to treat heart failure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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