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J Invasive Cardiol. 1995 Jul-Aug;7(6):173-82.

Restenosis following placement of an intracoronary heparin treated tantulum stent in the hyperlipidemic miniature swine model.

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Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center, Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA.


Restenosis persists as an important factor limiting a favorable long term outcome following mechanical revascularization. The objective of the present study was to compare the effects of an intracoronary heparin treated tantalum prototype stent and balloon angioplasty on intimal hyperplasia, luminal diameter, and thrombosis in a porcine restenosis model. Male miniswine maintained on a high cholesterol diet and 325 mg aspirin per day underwent cardiac catheterization and oversized balloon injury to the right and left circumflex coronary arteries. Two weeks later one artery was either balloon injured again or implanted with a stent. No additional anticoagulation following stent placement was given, however aspirin was continued throughout the study. At four weeks, the coronary arteries were harvested and prepared for histologic examination and blinded quantitative morphometric analysis. The prototype stent was successfully deployed in 10 coronary arteries. Histological examination at explant revealed no evidence for thrombus or platelet aggregation. The angiographic luminal diameter of stented vessels was not significantly different from the diameter measured prior to implantation. In contrast, the angiographic diameter of balloon injured vessels was significantly decreased (4.4 +/- 0.4 mm2, balloon injured, vs. 5.8 +/- 3.3 mm2, control; p < 0.05). Stented arteries showed significantly more intimal hyperplasia, compared to balloon injured vessels (2.99 +/- 0.58 mm2 intimal area, stented arteries vs. 0.38 +/- 0.15 mm2 intimal area, control arteries; p < 0.05). In conclusion, heparin treated tantalum wire prototype intracoronary stents were successfully deployed in swine coronary arteries with no evidence for thrombus formation. Despite a significant intimal response, luminal diameter was preserved in stented vessels. The data suggest that a heparin treated tantalum wire prototype intracoronary stent may be an effective method of coronary revascularization that results in the preservation of luminal diameter without thrombotic occlusion.

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