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Health Educ Res. 1994 Dec;9(4):411-20.

The Forsyth County Cervical Cancer Prevention Project--I. Cervical cancer screening for black women.

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Department of Family & Community Medicine, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA.


The Forsyth County Cervical Cancer Prevention Project was a 5 year National Cancer Institute-funded community-based public health education program implemented to address the problem of excess mortality from cervical cancer among black women in Forsyth County, North Carolina. The intervention was a community-based public health education program that included mass media, direct education workshops, and provision of education on cervical cancer and screening to health care providers. The intervention was implemented from November 1988 to September 1991. Evaluation of the community intervention used a quasi-experimental design, with Forsyth County, North Carolina, receiving the program and Durham County, North Carolina, serving as the control. Comparison of pre- and post-intervention telephone survey data revealed that, overall, awareness of cervical cancer and the Pap smear increased. Knowledge, attitudes and behaviors showed little change, considering those interviewed in aggregate. Among women defined as high-risk (elderly, low socioeconomic status, public health clinic patients and/or those who do not receive regular care), a significant trend toward greater participation in screening was detected for the 6 month period following the intervention. These results suggest that awareness of cervical cancer can be increased by public health education, but that the additional attention coming to patients through the actions of health care providers and health care delivery systems may supply the additional input needed to produce behavior change.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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