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Am J Health Promot. 1993 May-Jun;7(5):365-73.

Behavioral risk factor and illness day changes with workplace health promotion: two-year results.

Author information

1
Health and Wellness, DuPont Company, Wilmington, Delaware 19898.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The impact of a workplace health promotion program was evaluated to determine changes in the number and level of seven behavioral risks and self-reported illness days.

DESIGN:

The study employed a pretest/posttest intervention group (N=7,178) with a two-year follow-up and a time-lagged, nonequivalent comparison group (N=7,101).

SETTING:

The study population was drawn from a large manufacturing company with more than 100 United States locations.

SUBJECTS:

Approximately one half of the study population was 40 years of age or older, 75% were males, 90% were white, and about 40% were hourly manufacturing employees.

INTERVENTION:

The program consisted of 1) training and support of coordinators; 2) health risk appraisals; 3) on-site classes, safety meetings, and self-help options; 4) environmental changes, e.g., smoking policy, cafeteria offerings, and blood pressure machines; and 5) recognition.

MEASURES:

A 38-item health appraisal included self-report of illness days and behavioral risks, as well as information from company physical examinations.

RESULTS:

Both the number and the level of behavioral risk factors improved over two years. The proportion of employees with three or more risk factors decreased by 14% (p less than .001). The number of self-reported illness days in this group decreased by 12% during the same period (p less than .001). No change in illness days was observed in the group with fewer than three risk factors. Risk levels improved (range = 4.5% to 79%) for six of seven factors among high-risk individuals.

CONCLUSIONS:

(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
10148712
DOI:
10.4278/0890-1171-7.5.365
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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