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Am J Health Promot. 1991 Sep-Oct;6(1):46-54.

Associations between health risk appraisal scores and employee medical claims costs in a manufacturing company.

Author information

1
Fitness Research Center, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The bivariate relationships between 18 health-related measures on a health appraisal and prospective medical claims costs were examined among 1,838 employees for three consecutive years.

METHODS:

Employees were classified into high- or low-risk categories for each of the 18 health-related measures, and divided into high- or low-cost categories according to their averaged three-year medical costs respective to the mean of their sex/age subgroup.

RESULTS:

Average annual medical costs for the 18 health-related measures were $67 to $778 higher for the employees classified at high risk. The high-cost category was statistically associated with high-risk status in 11 of 18 health-related measures with a high-cost/high-risk to high-cost/low-risk ratio of 1.26 to 2.50. The average annual medical claims costs were also significantly related to number of high-risk classifications.

DISCUSSION:

This study provides strong statistical evidence that, regardless of age and sex, employees in this sample with positive behaviors cost less in medical claims from 11 of 18 health-related measures.

PMID:
10148682
DOI:
10.4278/0890-1171-6.1.46
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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