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Brain. 1978 Sep;101(3):447-60.

Electroencephalographic studies myoclonus.


Electroencephalographic studies were carried out in 30 patients with various kinds of myoclonus. It was confirmed that the technique of jerk-locked averaging with a backward averaging program was useful for detecting cortical spikes in association with the spontaneously occurring myoclonus, which are not recognized on the convential polygraph, and for evaluating the temporal and topographical relationship between the spike and the myoclonus. By this technique, cortical spikes were shown to precede the myoclonus of a contralateral upper extremity muscle by 7 to 15 ms ith progressive myoclonic epilepsy showed a high amplitude somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) in response to electrical stimulation of the median nerve. The N33 component of this high amplitude SEP was found to be similar to the myoclonus-related cortical spike in their wave form, time relationship and topographical distribution, suggesting an involvement of similar physiological mechanisms in the genesis of both phenomena. Myoclonus in these patients is compatible with "pyramidal" or "cortical loop reflex" type.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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