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Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1999 Apr 1;156(1):30-9.

Induction of altered hepatic foci by a mixture of dioxin-like compounds with and without 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl in female Sprague-Dawley rats.

Author information

1
Toxicology Group, Agricultural University Wageningen, Wageningen, 6700 EA, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The hepatic tumor-promoting activity of a mixture of polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs) was studied in a medium term two-stage initiation/promotion bioassay in female Sprague-Dawley rats. The PHAH mixture contained 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), 1, 2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (PeCDD), 2,3,4,7, 8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (PeCDF), 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126), 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 118), 2,3,3',4,4', 5-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 156), 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 153) and covered >90% of the total toxic equivalents (TEQ) present in Baltic herring. To determine possible interactive effects of di-ortho-substituted PCBs, the PHAH mixture was tested with (PHAH+) and without (PHAH-) PCB 153. Rats were initiated by a diethylnitrosamine injection (30 mg/kg body wt i.p.) 24 h after a partial 23 hepatectomy. Six weeks after initiation, the PHAH mixtures were administered once a week by subcutaneous injections for 20 weeks. Treatment with the PHAH mixtures caused liver enlargement and an increased activity of the hepatic cytochrome P4501A1/2 and P4502B1/2. All PHAH exposure groups exhibited an increased occurrence of hepatic foci positive for the placental form of glutathione-S-transferase. In the PHAH-group dosed 1 microgram TEQ/kg body wt/week, the volume fraction of the liver occupied by foci was significantly lower compared to the TEQ equivalent dosed TCDD group (3.8 vs 8.7%). The volume fraction was significantly increased in the groups treated with 0.5, 1, or 2 micrograms TEQ/kg body wt/week of the PHAH+ mixture (4.5, 5.2, and 6.6%, respectively) compared to the corn oil group (2.0%), but to a lower extent than expected on basis of the TEQ doses. Overall, the TEQ-based administered dose overestimated the observed tumor-promoting effects of this PHAH mixture. The applicability of the toxic equivalency factor concept, the role of differences in toxicokinetic properties and interactive effects of PCB 153 on hepatic deposition of the dioxin-like congeners are discussed.

PMID:
10101096
DOI:
10.1006/taap.1999.8629
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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