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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1999 Apr;20(4):710-9.

Characterization of chronic bronchopulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in resistant and susceptible inbred mouse strains.

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Centre for the Study of Host Resistance, Montreal General Hospital Research Institute; and Department of Neuropathology, Montreal, Canada.


Chronic bronchopulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection, initiated by intratracheal instillation of 1 to 2 x 10(5) colony-forming units of a mucoid strain of bacteria trapped in agar beads, was characterized in resistant BALB/c mice and susceptible C57BL/6 (B6) mice through 28 d postinfection. B6 mice experienced a more severe infection than BALB/c mice as evidenced by significantly higher mortality and significantly greater weight loss during the first 14 d. Furthermore, B6 mice had significantly higher numbers of bacteria in the lungs through 21 d after infection. Overall, only 22% of these hosts cleared the infection. In contrast, 67% of BALB/c mice cleared the infection. These differences between resistant and susceptible mice were found to correlate with histopathologic differences in the type of inflammation and the extent of tissue damage. An acute, predominantly neutrophilic inflammation and extensive tissue damage were apparent in the lungs of susceptible B6 mice, whereas chronic, granulomatous inflammation and little or no tissue damage were visible in resistant BALB/c mice. The finding of acute inflammation in the lungs of infected B6 mice was confirmed by fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analyses, which demonstrated that these mice had significantly greater proportions of polymorphonuclear neutrophils in the lungs on Days 7 and 14 after infection than did BALB/c mice. FACS analyses also revealed significant and similar increases in CD3(+) lung cells in both strains as the infection progressed. The CD4/CD8 ratio was significantly greater in BALB/c mice by 21 d after infection when the majority of these animals, but not B6 mice, had cleared the infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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