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Regul Pept. 1999 Feb 5;79(2-3):165-71.

Effects of guanylin and uroguanylin on rat jejunal fluid and electrolyte transport: comparison with heat-stable enterotoxin.

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Department of Internal Medicine II, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.


The effects of rat guanylin, human guanylin, human uroguanylin and STa on net fluid and electrolyte transport in the closed jejunal loop were compared in anesthetized rats. STa administered into the lumen caused a concentration-dependent (10(-8) to 10(-6) M) inhibition of net fluid and NaCl absorption in the jejunal loop. Uroguanylin had a similar but weaker effect than STa. Both rat and human guanylin inhibited fluid and NaCl absorption only at 10(-6) M. Their order of potency was STa > human uroguanylin > rat guanylin = human guanylin. Changing the luminal pH from 5 to 8 failed to affect the action of guanylin on fluid absorption. Both STa and uroguanylin, but not guanylin, increased the luminal pH by stimulating bicarbonate secretion. Pretreatment of the jejunal loop with guanylin (10(-6) M) 5 min before the instillation of STa (10(-7) M) significantly reduced the inhibitory effect of STa on fluid absorption. It is concluded that guanylin and uroguanylin administered into the rat jejunal lumen have an STa-like action on fluid and electrolyte transport. Guanylin may act as an endogenous antagonist of STa in the rat jejunum and prevent excessive fluid loss by STa.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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