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Bone Marrow Transplant. 1999 Mar;23(5):505-9.

Cord blood banking: volume reduction of cord blood units using a semi-automated closed system.

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National Blood Service - London and SE Zone, London Cord Blood Bank, UK.


Clinical evidence indicates that placental/umbilical cord blood (CB) is an alternative source of haematopoietic stem cells for bone marrow reconstitution. To establish a CB bank large panels of frozen, HLA-typed CB units need to be stored. Cryopreserved, unprocessed CB units require vast storage space. This study describes a method, using the Optipress II Automated Blood Component Extractor (Opti II) from Baxter Healthcare Corporation, to reduce the volume of the CB collection, preserving the quantity and quality of the progenitor cells, in a closed system. The CB collection was transferred to a triple bag system, centrifuged to produce a buffy coat layer and processed using a standard Opti II protocol to separate the whole blood into three components: plasma, buffy coat and buffy coat-depleted red cell concentrate. The buffy coat volume was standardised to 25 ml; mean reduced volume of 24.5 ml (s.d. 1.5 ml) with 53% red cell depletion. Good recovery of cells was observed: 92%, 98%, 96% and 106% recovery of nucleated, mononuclear, CD34+ and total colony-forming cells, respectively. Using this method for processing CB units reduces storage requirement by two-thirds but preserves the quantity and quality of the progenitor cells.

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