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Menopause. 1999 Spring;6(1):68-70.

Utilizing routine sonohysterography to detect intrauterine pathology before initiating hormone replacement therapy.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the utility of performing routine sonohysterography in conjunction with endometrial thickness measurement for detecting intrauterine pathology in asymptomatic postmenopausal women.

DESIGN:

Asymptomatic postmenopausal women (n = 60, mean age 52.7 +/- 4.5 years, amenorrhea > or = 6 months, follicle stimulating hormone > or = 40 mIU/mL) were evaluated with sonohysterography followed by endometrial biopsy before initiating hormone replacement therapy.

RESULTS:

Hyperplasia was detected in 5 of 22 (22.7%) patients with endometrial thickness of > 5 mm and in 0 of 38 (0.0%) patients with endometrial thickness of < or = 5 mm. When sonohysterography was performed, intracavitary pathology was discovered in 14 of 38 (36.8%) patients with endometrial thickness of < or = 5 mm (10 polyps, three submucosal myomas, and one septate uterus) and 14 of 22 (63.6%) patients with endometrial thickness of > 5 mm (nine polyps, four submucosal myomas, and one Asherman's syndrome).

CONCLUSIONS:

Endometrial thickness of < or = 5 mm excludes hyperplasia but does not eliminate other intrauterine pathology that may be discovered by sonohysterography.

PMID:
10100183
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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