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Biotechnol Bioeng. 1998 Feb 5;57(3):272-9.

Mobilization of broad host range plasmid from Pseudomonas putida to established biofilm of Bacillus azotoformans. I. Experiments.

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1
Department of Chemical, Bio and Materials Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA. diane@asuvax.eas.asu.edu

Abstract

A strain of Pseudomonas putida harboring plasmids RK2 and pDLB101 was exposed to a pure culture biofilm of Bacillus azotoformans grown in a rotating annular reactor under three different concentrations of the limiting nutrient, succinate. Experimental results demonstrated that the broad host range RSF1010 derivative pDLB101 was transferred to and expressed by B. azotoformans. At the lower concentrations, donor mediated plasmid transfer increased with increasing nutrient levels, but the highest nutrient concentration yielded the lowest rate of donor to recipient plasmid transfer. For transconjugant initiated transfer, the rate of transfer increased with increasing nutrient concentrations for all cases. At the lower nutrient concentrations, the frequency of plasmid transfer was higher between donors and recipients than between transconjugants and recipients. The reverse was true at the highest succinate concentration. The rates and frequencies of plasmid transfer by mobilization were compared to gene exchange by retrotransfer. The initial rate of retrotransfer was slower than mobilization, but then increased dramatically. Retrotransfer produced a plasmid transfer frequency more than an order of magnitude higher than simple mobilization.

PMID:
10099203
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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